The human body consists of many systems like – respiratory system, circulatory system, reproductive system, digestive system, etc. all these systems are interconnected to each other. A malfunction however small can affect other systems in a very serious way. One of the most important systems is the circulatory system. This system carries fresh oxygenated blood to all parts of the body and carries back the impure blood to the heart for purification and then pumps it back to all parts of the body. Blood is a very important constituent of our body, it is like what petrol is to an automobile. Blood consists of many elements and cells like – red blood corpuscles, white blood corpuscles, plasma, etc.
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one of the main elements to provide energy to our body is sugar. Our body absorbs sugar from different foods that we eat on a daily basis. This sugar acts as a fuel to the body to perform various physical labor. Due to the physical labor done by the body, this sugar is burnt. The blood makes a very important carrier of sugar throughout our body. The unburnt sugar travels through our body and accumulates in our blood. There is a certain amount of limit of the sugar content in our body which is considered as a safe limit, any excess of sugar is dangerous. Any excess of sugar present in our body and blood makes us a patient of diabetes.
Of the different organs present in our body, there is an organ called pancreas. The main role of the pancreas is to produce a chemical called insulin. The insulin helps our body to control sugar and keep it under permissible limits. Excess of sugar or in case a person suffers from diabetes, it can be harmful to other vital organs of our body like – kidneys, liver, heart, lungs, etc. diabetes can also make our body vulnerable to many diseases. The immunity system of our body breaks down and there can be serious consequences.
There are two types of diabetes –
(i) in this type of diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin, but the body refuses to absorb that insulin
(ii) in this type the pancreas stops producing insulin, hence the sugar level increases, thus causing diabetes. In type one diabetes the patient is given medicines which enhance the absorption of insulin in the body. In type two diabetes the patient is injected externally insulin to burn out the sugar.
To conclude, it may be understood that the main cause of diabetes is sugar. To avoid diabetes a person should be physically active. He should exercise at least one hour daily. Quit smoking and drinking. Avoid excess sweets and sugar. Avoid fast food and fried food. After the age of 40, one should monitor his or her sugar regularly and keep a check on the sugar levels. One should consult a doctor as soon as the level of sugar is high and take proper medication on time. PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE