Tea is one of the most commonly consumed beverages in India, and different types of people prefer to drink different types of tea. However, in these different types, about 78% of black tea is drunk, and only 20% of green tea is consumed. Apart from these, many other types of tea are drunk, which we will also briefly explain in this article below. Green tea is considered to be the healthiest tea among all these teas, as it is rich in antioxidants and nutrients that have a powerful effect on the body, due to which it has many health benefits.
Let us know the benefits of green tea and here let us tell you that if you drink this nutritionally rich tea, you may also suffer its loss. Let us first know what is the history of Green Tea, where it originated from and what are its characteristics.
What is Green Tea –
Green tea was first used by the people of India and China, due to its health benefits. Later it gradually became popular in the United States of America and other countries also due to its health benefit. Green tea is made from Camellia sinensis leaves, which undergo a process of dissolution and oxidation. There are many types of green tea depending on their yield, growing conditions, production process and time of harvest. Green tea contains bioactive compounds that improve many aspects of our health.
EGCG (EGCG) is one of the most potent compounds present in green tea – which cures many diseases and prevents many from occurring. Although there are some disadvantages of drinking green tea, its benefits are so much that its disadvantages are nothing in front of it, that is why many doctors also recommend drinking green tea. Before knowing its benefits, let us know what nutrients are in it-
Nutrients present in green tea –
Talking about calories, green tea has zero calories, if you are conscious about the calories in your diet, then it can prove to be a very healthy drink for you. Green tea contains flavonols and catechins (a type of polyphenol) that provide a lot of benefits. Some catechins present in green tea are as follows.
- Gallate derivatives
EGCG present in green tea, also known as epigallocatechin-3-gallate, makes green tea green. Drinking it has many benefits such as it reduces metabolism and also controls our body weight. Apart from this, some other nutrients present in green tea are as follows-
- Linoleic acid
- Methylxanthine (Caffeine, Theopline, and Theobromine)
- Many amino acids and enzymes (about 20 per cent of the leaves are taken up by protein)
- Carbohydrates (cellulose, pectin, glucose, sucrose, and fructose)
- Trace amounts of minerals such as magnesium, calcium, manganese, iron, chromium, copper, and zinc
- Trace amounts of carotenoids
- Lactones and hydrocarbons, esters and aldehydes (all of which are volatile compounds)
Advantages/Benefits of /Merit of Green Tea –
Green tea has become very useful for our health today. It offers various benefits, some of which are very important such as – it maintains heart health, helps in weight loss, and also helps in the prevention of fatal diseases like cancer and diabetes. Green tea also helps in improving the symptoms of depression. Let us know what are its benefits-
1. Benefits of Green Tea in Cancer Prevention
According to the National Cancer Institute, green tea contains polyphenols that help reduce tumour growth and also protect against damage caused by ultraviolet UV radiation. In countries where green tea is consumed more, the rate of cancer is lower, but it is impossible to determine if it is caused by green tea or other lifestyle factors that prevent cancer.
Some studies have also shown positive effects of green tea on the following types of cancer:
- Breast Cancer
- Bladder cancer
- Ovarian cancer
- Colorectal (bowel) cancer
- Esophageal (throat cancer)
- Lung cancer
- Prostate cancer
- Skin cancer
- Colon cancer
Researchers believe that green tea contains high levels of polyphenols that help kill cancer cells and prevent them from growing.
2. Benefits of Green Tea for the Heart –
A study published in a journal of the American Medical Association concluded that green tea reduces mortality as well as associated with reducing cardiovascular disease and all its causes. One study reported that people who did not drink green tea (especially from cardiovascular disease) had a significantly higher risk of dying compared to those who consumed at least 5 cups of green tea per day. Green tea contains catechins, polyphenolic compounds that are specifically used to exert many protective effects on the cardiovascular system.
3. Benefits of Green Tea in Lowering Cholesterol –
Consuming green tea, as a beverage or in capsule form, is very beneficial in reducing total LDL and bad cholesterol.
4. Advantages of Green Tea in Strokes –
Drinking green tea or coffee is associated with reducing the risk of stroke. One study reported that if you add green tea to your routine by making a slight change in your lifestyle, it may help reduce your risk of stroke.
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5. Benefits of Green Tea in Type 2 Diabetes –
According to a study in Japan, people who drink green tea have a 42% lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The disease involves high blood sugar levels due to insulin resistance or the inability to produce insulin. Studies show that green tea can improve insulin sensitivity and reduce blood sugar levels.
6. The advantages of green tea in reducing weight –
Green tea can promote weight loss in overweight and obese adults; Since green tea increases metabolism and burn calories, which play an important role in weight loss.
7. Benefits of Green Tea for Skin Diseases –
According to several studies, green tea may prove to be a new treatment for skin disorders such as psoriasis and dandruff. Researchers studied a model for inflammatory skin diseases that included patches of dry, red, shiny skin due to inflammation and overproduction of skin cells. Treatment with green tea revealed a slow growth of these skin cells that controlled the life cycle of the cells.
8. Benefits of Green Tea for Memory –
Green tea can enhance the cognitive functions of our brain, especially working memory. The findings of the research suggest that green tea may benefit in the treatment of cognitive impairment associated with neuropsychiatric disorders, such as dementia.
9. Benefits of Green Tea in Alzheimer’s –
Green tea can help reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. In addition, green tea can be helpful in improving dental cavity, stress, chronic fatigue, treating skin conditions, and improving arthritis by reducing inflammation.
10. Benefits of Green Tea to increase immunity –
Green tea plays a major role in boosting our immunity which is easily present in Kitchens. It protects against oxidants and radicals, thereby increasing immunity. Green tea has the potential to increase the number of regulatory T cells in EGCG – and they help improve immunity and suppress autoimmune diseases.
What are the right way and the right time to drink green tea?
You have already known about the benefits of green tea, but if it is not drunk at the right time and right way, then you may have to bear many of its disadvantages. Let us know what you can do to avoid these losses and What time can you drink it-
- Green tea should be drunk 2-3 hours before meals.
- Never eat green tea after eating food.
- Do not drink green tea on an empty stomach.
- Do not mix milk and sugar in green tea.
- Green tea with honey benefits more, so drink it together.
Disadvantages/Losses/Demerit of Green tea –
If you drink too much green tea, it can be harmful to your health. Although the side effects or contraindications of green tea are very low for adults, its side effects may be greater for children. Some of its side effects and risks are as follows-
- Sensitivity to caffeine – People with severe sensitivities to caffeine may experience insomnia, anxiety, irritability, nausea, or abdominal discomfort.
- Blood thinners – People who take blood thinners (anticoagulant drugs) such as coumadin/warfarin should be cautious while drinking green tea due to the presence of vitamin K. Such people are advised to avoid green tea as well as aspirin, as these both reduce the constitutive effectiveness of platelets.
- Any stimulants – If you took green tea with stimulant medications, then green tea can increase blood pressure and heart rate.
- Effect on digestive system: Green tea also contains caffeine, and drinking too much green tea can have a bad effect on your digestive system. Due to which the balance of digestive juices can be disturbed and our stomach may get upset. People with acidity problems should not drink green tea.
- Do not drink more green tea during pregnancy: Do not drink more green tea during pregnancy because green tea contains caffeine, pregnant women should not drink green tea more than 2 times a day, its excessive consumption can have a bad effect on the health of both mother and child.
- Patients with anaemia and cataract should not drink green tea: People with anaemia and cataract due to caffeine should not drink green tea. Due to anaemia, the amount of haemoglobin and iron in our blood decreases, if there is already iron deficiency then drinking green tea should be avoided. Consumption of green tea can cause cataract further, so patients with cataract should not drink green tea.
Although there are many benefits of drinking green tea, it can also do some harm to some people. In particular, green tea should not be consumed by pregnant or lactating women, those with heart problems or those with high blood pressure, kidney or liver problems, stomach ulcers, or anxiety disorders, and always be sure to consult a doctor before starting any herbs or supplements.
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